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In his youth he was generally unconcerned with his appearance and clothing. Sie setzt sich seit den späten 1980er Jahren für eine gewaltlose Demokratisierung ihres Heimatlandes ein. On the morning of July 19, 1947, gunmen entered the Secretariat building in central Rangoon and murdered Aung San and seven of his ministers. Bogyoke Aung San (birman : အောင်ဆန်း API : /bòʊdʒoʊʔ àʊn sʰán/, 13 février 1915 à Nat Mauk (en), dans la région de Magway – 19 juillet 1947 à Rangoun) est un militaire, homme politique et dirigeant nationaliste birman.. Il est le père d'Aung San Suu Kyi, prix Nobel de la paix en 1991. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. After Aung San's assassination his widow was appointed Burma's ambassador to India, and the family moved abroad.[76]. On 28 September 1946 Aung San was appointed to the even higher position of deputy chairman, making him effectively the 5th prime minister of the British-Burma Crown Colony. The gunmen sprayed the area where he was standing with gunfire for approximately thirty seconds, killing four other council members immediately and mortally wounding another three. Connue sous le nom d'Armée nationale birmane, cette force se développa au fur et à mesure de l'avance japonaise et prit peu à peu en main l'administration locale des territoires occupés. [74], Banknotes featuring Aung San were first produced in 1958, ten years after his assassination. [59] After Aung San died his old friend U Nu became the prime minister and stated publicly that he knew the British were not involved in the assassination. “Aung San” for father, “Kyi” for mother, “Suu” for grandmother, also day of week of birth. He passed away at his home in Oxford. Aung San's paternal father was U Dae Ko [a Chin name]. One of her cousins, Bo Min Maung, had been the royal treasurer during the reign of King Mindon. Bo Min Yaung died before Aung San was born, but Daw Thu Sa's stories about him had a great impact on Aung San, as he once wrote that they were what convinced him to be a Burmese nationalist early in his life. While in this role, he helped organize a series of countrywide strikes that became known as ME 1300 Revolution, based on the Burmese calendar year. Following the end of the war the Burma National Army was renamed the Patriotic Burmese Forces (PBF) and then gradually disarmed by the British as the Japanese were driven out of various parts of the country. While he was enrolled in university his heroes included Abraham Lincoln, the nationalist nineteenth-century Mexican politician Benito Juarez, and Edmund Burke, whose parliamentary speeches he memorized.[9]. [20] Upon his release Aung San proposed a strategy of pursuing Burmese independence by staging countrywide strikes, anti-tax drives, and guerrilla insurgency. Aung San and Khin Kyi had four children. Since Burma's independence no single government has ever controlled the entirety of Burma, no election has ever represented every area claimed by the Burmese government, and no census recording the entire population of Burma has ever been able to be conducted. [19] The pair left for Tokyo via Taiwan and arrived in Japan on 27 September 1940, the same day that Japan signed its military alliance with Nazi Germany. Get Andrew Cuomo facts here. When Allied forces retook Rangoon on 2 May 1945, the BNA were symbolically sent into the city two days before any other soldiers. [15] In 1938 Aung San was elected president of both the Rangoon University Student Union (RUSU) and the All-Burma Students Union (ABSU), formed after the strike spread to Mandalay. Following studies abroad, she returned home in 1988. Amy Goodman: Aung San Suu Kyi, his daughter, one of three children, was two years old. While in Japan he dressed in a Japanese Kimono and adopted a Japanese name, "Omoda Monji". While he was War Minister in 1942, Aung San met and married Khin Kyi, and around the same time her sister met and married Thakin Than Tun, the Communist leader. U Phar was very introverted and reserved. Aung San Suu Kyi, human rights activist and opposition leader whose party, the National League for Democracy, came to power in Myanmar after the 2015 elections. According to Aung San, U Phar studied law and passed his bar exam third in his class of 174, but after his education ended he never went on to work as a lawyer, instead focusing on doing business. [18] In 1939 Aung San was briefly arrested on the grounds of conspiring to overthrow the government by force, but was released[19] after seventeen days. [61], Kin Oung, the son of the deputy police inspector who arrested U Saw, claimed that U Saw bought the arms found at his house from the black market after they had been sold by British soldiers, not by the soldiers directly. [51] Four men from the car, armed with three Tommy Guns, a Sten gun,[54] and grenades, ran up the stairs towards the council chamber, shot the guard standing outside, and burst into the council chamber. The Burmese Communist Party said that it was part of "an imperialist plot", claiming that Aung San had been in discussions with them to form a "united front" government, and that the assassination had been carried out to prevent this. Aung San's daughter, Aung San Suu Kyi, is a stateswoman, politician, and a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. Aung San Suu Kyi did not die yet. However, it seems that her way is not easy to reach the presidency for she is prohibited. 1947: July 19. He identified the officer responsible for selling the arms as Major Lance Dane, but claimed that Dane and his associates were later "secretly released" after being imprisoned. Aung San, (born Feb. 13, 1915, Natmauk, Burma [now Myanmar]—died July 19, 1947, Rangoon [now Yangon]), Burmese nationalist leader and assassinated hero who was instrumental in securing Burma’s independence from Great Britain. The internal conflict within Myanmar continues to the present day, the oldest civil war in the world. After World War II ended he negotiated Burmese independence from Britain, convinced many of the minority ethnic groups to join his new country, and formed a cabinet that broadly reflected the ethnic and religious diversity of the country. Aung San's youngest daughter, Aung San Chit, born in September 1946, died on 26 September 1946, the same day Aung San got into Governor's Executive council, a few days after her birth. U Phar died at the age of 51, when Aung san was in grade 8. Mahn Ba Khaing, the minister of industry, was one of the few Karen politicians not to have boycotted involvement in the new government. After conferring with the British prime minister Clement Attlee in London, he announced an agreement (Jan. 27, 1947) that provided for Burma’s independence within one year. These names have been retained. [52], A little after 10:30 AM on 19 July 1947, a single army jeep carrying armed gunmen in military fatigues drove into the courtyard of the Secretariat Building, where Aung San was having a meeting with his new cabinet. Coincidentally, when Aung San Suu Kyi returned to Burma in 1988, the long-time military leader of Burma and head of the ruling party, General Ne Win, stepped down. [50] In July, Aung San convened a series of conferences at Sorrenta Villa in Rangoon to discuss the rehabilitation of Burma. Aung San's oldest son, Aung San Oo, is an engineer working in the United States who has disagreed with his sister's political activities. While he was War Minister in 1942, Aung San met and married Khin Kyi, and around the same time her sister met and married Thakin Than Tun, the Communist leader. At the time he wrote that he was opposed to Western individualism and that he intended to create an authoritarian state on the model of Japan and Nazi Germany, including only "one state, one party, [and] one leader". In early 1946, approximately a year before his death, Aung San complained to Dorman-Smith that he felt melancholic, that he did not feel close to his old friends in the Burmese military, that he had many enemies, and that he was worried that someone would attempt to assassinate him soon. 1991 erhielt sie den Friedensnobelpreis. The incident led Myanmar to cut off diplomatic relations with North Korea from 1983 to 2007. The familiarity of Japanese intelligence with the prominent political actors in Burma ensured that they were aware of Aung San's activities by the time he arrived in Japanese-occupied China. Aung San died on July 19, 1947 at the age of 32. Aung San Suu Kyi is an opposition political leader and chairperson of the National League of Democracy (1988) in Burma. [4], Bo Min Yaung began his rebellion by gathering local soldiers from the region that he had governed, taking the name "King Shwelayaung" (King "Golden Moon"). Aung San Suu Kyi found meditation difficult at first, she acknowledged. She survived years of imprisonment and house arrest imposed by Myanmarr's millitary junta. He had not seen her since a Christmas visit in 1995. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Karen leaders were not a part of the Nobel Peace Prize its 20th ( how did aung san die first female ) of... While seeking Foreign support for Burma ’ s husband, Michael Aris, died of cancer in London youngest! Pressure forced him to abandon how did aung san die base and relocate to the Japanese language and political ideology 63 ]:... 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